Modeling Mobility Solutions
Mobility is a real problem in today’s cities and will be so even more in the future. Current projections see urban populations increasing 70% by 2050, rising from 3.6 to 6.3 billion people. Accordingly, States, local authorities and businesses will need to make significant investments to create or modernize physical infrastructures, develop new services or design and deploy communication networks enabling intelligent management of tomorrow’s cities.
To assist deciders with these developments, the MSM project uses dynamic and predictive models to simulate personal mobility on the scale of a district. These models will use heterogeneous data sources from transport (positions and occupation rate of transport means, ticketing, mobile phone data, etc.), and also from the environment (weather, urban events and all sorts of information from connected things in the city such as traffic lights, air sensors and many others). Better modeling of behaviors and also more accurate prediction of travel needs will enable user mobility at local level to be assessed better.
The purpose of the MSM, project, launched in June 2016 for a lifespan of four years, is to provide solutions that improve traffic flow for users in urban areas. To do so, the project will rely on a digital platform able to simulate personal mobility on the scale of a district.
To ascertain the relevance of developments in real conditions, the MSM project will experiment in the field with transport users and operators. These experiments will cover two fields:
- Multimodal supervision: testing multimodal supervision strategies aimed at better passenger information and giving mobility operators better understanding of surrounding factors.
- Emerging mobility services (such as shared autonomous taxis in which to manage the last miles).
START@SystemX: setting the course for mobility with MSM
In June 2016, IRT SystemX launched the START@SystemX initiative to enable startups to benefit from the innovative dynamic of our Institute by joining its other partners, the large clients and technology suppliers, in building tomorrow’s new services.
The launch of START@SystemX’s first season, steered by the MSM project and dedicated to mobility solutions, took place in September 2016. The work completed enabled to two startups, Citodi and Nextérité, to offer innovative solutions to improve traffic flows in cities, even on a smaller scale in city districts.
Theses and Post-Docs associated with the project
- Estimation of user trajectories in a multimodal transport network using mobile telephone network logs (begun – Institut Mines Telecom/Bouygues Telecom)
- Combining scales in multimodal travel simulation (LVMT/IFSTTAR Grettia)
- Innovative first and last mile transportation service-system design and modeling (LGI CentraleSupélec/Renault)
- Multi-modal transport network control: Planning the last-mile transportation mode (Ecole polytechnique/Alstom)